各科課綱融入模組單元對照表

 

 

授課

節次

課程名稱

融入之各科課綱主題

模組課程融入之內容

模組一基礎入門

1-2

探索光譜

基礎物理:量子現象之原子光譜。

選修物理:近代物理之原子結構、幾何光學之折射現象。

由光譜推論恆星成分。

實驗:三稜鏡分光。

3-4

色散與干涉

基礎物理:光與電磁波

干涉原理說明。

實驗:干涉現象造成分光。

實驗:狹縫間距的分光效果探討。

5-6

自製光譜儀

資訊科技概論:資料數位化。

使用Tracker軟體將光譜儀探測訊號轉為折線圖。

模組二

觀測

工具

1

多波段觀測的宇宙

基礎物理:介紹克氏溫標。

天文學使用克氏溫標

基礎物理:量子現象之光子與電子。

選修物理:光電效應及愛因斯坦光量子論。

天文攝影元件電荷耦合裝置(CCD)原理。

2

Colors of Stars in the SDSS活動

選修物理:黑體輻射的性質及普朗克的量子論解釋。

恆星表面溫度與主要輻射波長。

數學I:對數的應用。

對數表示恆星光通量與星等關係。

資訊科技概論:電腦輔助學習軟體,電腦網路與學習。

用免費史隆數位巡天計畫(SDSS)網站資料庫,下載分析的數據。

3

恆星的Color Index

數學I:對數函數的圖形與性質。

色指數表線段斜率,判斷區間。

數學III:廣義角與極座標。

天球座標。

基礎地球科學:視星等與絕對星等,恆星顏色與星球表面溫度之相關性。

黑體輻射圖與亮度顏色圖,色指數(Color Index)概念。

英文思考及詢問內容,找尋相關資料,強化學習成效。

在英文網頁正確下載活動數據。

4

Ds9軟體簡介

英文思考及詢問內容,找尋相關資料,強化學習成效。

操作英文介面的軟體,完成數據分析。

資訊科技概論:應用軟體與實作。

使用免費英文軟體進行天文影像紅綠藍三色合成。

5

天文望遠鏡的觀測原理

數學III:直角三角形的邊角關係,弧度,弧度量與度度量的互相轉換。

望遠鏡放大率證明過程。

選修物理:光的干涉與繞射現象。

望遠鏡解析力。

6

天文觀測的限制

基礎化學:測量的準確性之儀器誤差

史匹哲紅外線太空望遠鏡。

模組三

恆星演化

1-2

太陽光譜

基礎物理:原子光譜。

藉化學指紋的概念,由光譜推論恆星成分。

吸收光譜與星雲成份。

發射光譜與恆星成份。

基礎化學:拉塞福原子模型,能階概念,分子三度空間模型。

選修化學:波耳氫原子模型與氫原子能階,氫原子放射光譜。

3-4

星口普查-赫羅圖的繪製與分析

基礎地球科學恆星的光譜與顏色有關。

赫羅圖橫軸即為色指數,亦為恆星光譜型。

數學II:二維數據分析之散佈圖與相關係數。

任選兩個星表欄位,繪製XY 分佈圖,並求取相關係數,相關性最大者即為恆星分類依據。

資訊科技概論:應用軟體與實作。

使用免費英文軟體繪製赫羅圖。

5-6

核融合與恆星的演化

基礎物理原子核融合。

恆星發光原理。

基礎地球科學恆星光譜可知恆星的組成,瞭解恆星處於不同演化階段。

測量恆星吸收光譜可知恆星成分,與不同階段核融合反應有關。

模組四

宇宙論

1-2

距離的測量

基礎物理示範實驗:說明有效數字的意義及應用、數據處理。

實驗:三角測量活動與記錄。

數學III:三角之三角測量。

基礎化學課本附錄:利用游標尺測量物體,準確率與精密度的意義。

實驗:使用游標尺量角器進行距離的三角測量。

3

模擬天文台

基礎物理:都卜勒效應。

實驗:測量光譜位移量。

4

宇宙的全景

基礎物理:宇宙學簡介,哈伯定律。因此推論星系間之距離與時俱增。我們生活在一個正在膨脹的宇宙中。

活動:藉由「模擬天文台」軟體內建已知光譜,與網路取得之資料庫觀測數據,得出星系遠離之推論。

5-6

現代宇宙論簡介

基礎物理:簡介宇宙演化的歷史。

英文科普文章閱讀活動。

英文能以英語就內容進行簡單的問答。熟悉各種閱讀技巧(如擷取大意、推敲文意、預測後續文意),能有效應用於廣泛閱讀(extensive reading)中。

能針對各類選文之問題,寫出合適的答案。能分析、歸納多項訊息的共通點或結論。

事先進行科普文章之單字標記,課堂中討論並描繪文章中關於宇宙論之圖像。加強語文理解與實際表達之關聯,鼓勵同學自我覺察使用多元智慧。

利用單字問題、閱讀測驗問題,及小組討論時間,引導同學合作學習,尋找出最合適的答案。

 

 各模組融入資訊科技的情況

 

模組課程

運入資訊科技

設備

模組一
光譜入門

軟體應用(免費影像分析軟體、 Excel

電子白板

行動推車
筆電

具象化課程概念(波動、干涉現象)

模組二

觀測工具

軟體應用(天文影像分析軟體、Excel

善用網路資訊庫(大型天文觀測線上資料庫)

具象化課程概念(黑體輻射、惠更斯原理等)

模組三

恆星演化

電子白板應用

軟體應用(免費數據分析軟體、Excel

模組四

宇宙論

具象化課程概念(模擬類比重力透鏡等)

軟體應用(VIREOExcel

網路平台應用(google問卷、e-learningmoodle平台)

 

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